Clarence Maquito, Real Estate Broker
Sutton Group-Admiral Realty Inc, Brokerage
NEW HOME INSPECTION CHECKLIST
You should not be afraid to conduct your Pre-Delivery Inspection (PDI) on your own. To guide you through this process and help keep you organized, here are the key points to consider.
Things to Look for…
Your builder will likely start the inspection inside the home and proceed from room to room.
When examining ceilings, walls, doors and windows you should check for obvious defects such as gouges, cracks and dents on finished surfaces. Doors should be well-fitted, evenly joined around the outside and top and bottom. Locks should be well installed and not rattle when the door is closed. Drywall should have no noticeable seams or evidence of nail pops.
Walk along floors and ensure there are no excessive squeaks or spring. Sub-floor joints should not show ridges around tiles.
Flush toilets and turn on water taps to check water pressure and temperature. Check the caulking and grouting around tiles and tubs for gaps and cracks. Check tubs and sinks for any scratches in the finishes.
If appliances are part of your purchase package, make sure that the builder gives you the instruction booklets and individual warranty packages for them.
Locate the switches for ventilation and circulation fans normally found near the thermostat. Also, ensure that the fans in the bathrooms and in the kitchen are operating properly. Ask your builder to show you where they vent on the exterior of the house.
Outside, check that the brickwork and masonry are free of cracks and the doors and windows are properly caulked. Open and close the garage door to make sure that it does not stick.
Your New Home Inspection Checklist:
This checklist can be printed from your browser or saved to your computer for future reference.
Grading - Grounds are graded with a gentle slope away from the house to direct rain and melted snow into the drain system. If the house has a basement, check the window wells for gravel and ensure they are cleaned out.
Swale - Some lots require shallow runoff trenches (swales) to help collect and drain water. Swales should be even and of a regular slope.
Sod - Sod should be rolled after it is laid
Siding - Siding should be nailed securely to the walls.
Caulking - All window and door frames should be caulked where the frame meets the wall of the house.
Painting - Inspect the paint to ensure there is good coverage on the exterior surfaces and all trim-work.
Exterior Trim - Trim should have a minimum of knots and be securely fixed.
Brickwork - Vertical and horizontal mortar joints between the bricks should be completely filled. Weep holes near the bottom of brick walls should be free and open.
Windows - Windows should open and close properly. Make sure there are no cracked panes and that all appropriate screens are in place.
Roof Ventilation - Weatherstripping should be installed securely. Air vents should be as close as possible to the ridge of the roof.
Shingles - Shingles should be flat with no corners lifting, extending over the roof edge by approximately 2 cm and over the edge of the fascia board at the eavestrough.
Gutters and Downspouts - If your house comes with eavestroughs and downspouts ensure that they are installed securely. Check to ensure that drainage of downpipes is directed away from the house, walkways and driveways.
Garage - Garages must be gas proofed. The walls of an attached garage should be sheeted with either a non-combustible material, e.g., gypsum board, with joints sealed, or a masonry board. If there is a door from the garage to the house, ensure that an automatic closer has been installed and that the door closes properly.
Driveways - If your driveway is to be paved, the builder may wait to do it until the entire subdivision has been completed. Refer to your Homeowner Information Package for the maximum time the builder can take to complete the driveway.
Basement - Check for cracks and/or signs of leaks in the walls. Floor drains should be in the lowest part of the basement. Floor joists should be made of sound lumber. Joists spanning more than 2.1 metres should have bridging between them. There should be double joists directly beneath bearing partitions on the floor above and around stairway openings. Check the furnace and hot water heater for general damage, capacity, shut-off mechanisms and the type of filtering systems.
Doors - Doors should be well-fitted, evenly joined around the outside and at the top and the bottom. They should clear the carpet. Locks should be well-installed and not rattle when the door is closed. There should be a door stop.
Floors - There should be only a minimum of squeaks and a minimum of spring when the floor is walked on. Sub-floor joints should not show ridges around titles. Wood flooring should have a certain amount of deflection. Any other floor coverings should have a flat surface. Joints should be tight between asbestos or vinyl tiles.
Carpeting - Check if the carpet is tight and if the seams match.
Hardwood - Check the finish for any large scratches or gouges. Check the floor for any excessive gaps or cracks in the flooring.
Painting - Check to ensure that the colour you requested was applied and that all finishes are free from dents and scratches.
Plumbing Fixtures - Check for chips in the porcelain or vanity top covers. Faucets should work properly. Faucets and shower heads should be caulked. Turn on the faucets and taps to ensure that hot is hot and cold is cold. The top of the tub should be level. See if water will run off the ledge of the bathtub onto the floor. Caulking around the tub and between the tiles should be complete.
Cabinets - Cabinets should be well-secured to the wall. Check the operation of the doors and drawers and ensure all handles (door pulls) are installed. Check the surface and countertops for noticeable scratches.
Closets - Doors should be secure and working properly.
- Cabinet doors should be aligned properly
- There should be no damage to the counter top
- The space allotted for your appliances should be correct
- Test the range hood fan and light
- Make sure there are electrical outlets above the counter
If your home has a fireplace, ensure that the damper and vents work. If you have a gas fireplace ask for instructions on how to operate it.
Heat registers should not be covered by carpeting and should not be located below a thermostat. Make sure the damper is open and works freely. Check the location and number of cold air returns and make sure they are free of obstruction. Ask you builder to explain about "balancing".
Check all outlets and electrical fixtures for operation. You can purchase an outlet tester in your local hardware store.
*Upgrades and Options
Make sure that all pre-selected upgrades and options have been installed.
Last but not least, enjoy your new home!